Golconda fort is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh at a distance of 11 Km from Hyderabad. It is one of the famous forts of India.
The name originates from the Telugu words, “Golla Konda” meaning “Shepherd’s Hill”. During the Kakatiyas period, Golconda was originally a mud fort. The first three Qutb Shahis rebuilt Golconda over a span of 62 years and held on to it from 1518 to 1687 AD. The fort on an isolated granite hill rises 400 feet above the surrounding plain. The fort’s contour blends with the hill and has eight gates. The main gate is called Fateh Darwaza or Gate of Victory. This gate is 13 feet wide and 25 feet high and is studded with steel spikes to stop charging elephants during siege.
The fort has high technical achievements. For instance at Fateh Darwaza, a hand clap at a central point below the dome reverberates and can be heard at the ‘Bala Hisar’ pavilion which is the highest point and a kilometer away. This was used to warn residents of danger in its heyday though now it is an amusement for wide-eyed tourists.
A 10 km outer wall still has cannons mounted on it. Along with the eight gateways, there are four drawbridges, halls and a number of royal residences.Also the Balahisar Darwaza is the most impressive of the eight gates. Mythical beasts and lions decorate this defense gate
The royal baths received water through a maze of well-laid clay pipes fed by Persian wheels located below the fort. Moving up the fort the clay pipes are visible. The Persian wheels carry the water from reservoirs to the upper terrace. From here the pipes channel the water to baths, gardens and kitchens; a marvel of 16th century engineering.
There is also a Hindu temple belonging to the Kakatiya period carved out of a huge boulder. Colourful murals of Goddess Kali are also seen on white-painted façade.
A steep climb of 380 steps lead to the top most building in the fort. This offers a spectacular view of the landscape for miles. The fort is rugged and looks grand among mammoth boulders.
The languages spoken here are Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, and English.
Golconda fort timings and Entry fee to visit
(till the time of writing of this article)
Timings: 09.00 am – 5.00 pm
Entry Fee: Rs. 10 for Indian Nationals, Rs. 100 for Foreign Nationals
Google’s Golconda fort map
Golconda fort photos
HOW TO REACH:-
Hyderabad being the capital of the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh is well connected.
There is an international airport at Begumpet (in Hyderabad) since the 1930’s.
Indian Railways has its services to reach Hyderabad. The city also has local trains and about to get a metro rail to ease traffic congestion.
The city (Hyderabad) itself has one of the best-laid internal road systems with flyovers and subway crossings. Being the capital city of Andhra Pradesh, the city is connected to National Highways from other cities of India.